Turkey, the beloved land of birds
Turkey is blessed with a distinct, diverse habitat that supports a large array of wild animals, including woodlands, steppes as well as wetlands. Located along a major bird migration route in between Europe and also Africa, the prevalent accessibility of marshlands makes Turkey a prime area for bird watching in Turkey.
Turkey is a big nation, positioned on 2 continents, on the eastern side of the Western Palearctic, as well as therefore supplying a terrific and incredible birdwatching.
Turkey's ecosystem and bird diversity
When we take into consideration the diversity of bird types in Turkey, both migratory and also non-migratory, we can see that Turkey is an one-of-a-kind location for watching birds. There are two significant factors for this wealth, Turkey's variety of various ecosystems as well as it's placement on bird's migratory courses.
There are 7 distinct geographical locations in Turkey, each with it's very own natural functions, ecosystems, environment and wildlife. These include, dry steppe, deciduous and coniferous woodlands, mountains, seaside locations as well as even more. Such splendor offers lots of possibilities for wild birds and also other wild animals of all kinds.
Migration routes and Turkey's birds
Much of the birds which move between Europe and Africa annually, pick to fly through Turkey. Some of these, stay as well as reproduce right here whilst many more simply go through. Spring as well as fall consequently supply incomparable possibilities to see the moving masses. Even in the fantastic metropolitan area of Istanbul, migrating birds can be seen in considerable numbers.
Marshes of Turkey
Wetlands are the most essential ecosystems, for wild birds, and there are numerous vital examples in Turkey.
One of the most important is Manyas Kuscenneti, southern of the Marmara sea near the town of Bandırma. This lake, of simply 64 hectares, is residence to more varieties of bird than anywhere else in Turkey. More than 60 types of bird, including various Owls, Ibis, Heron as well as Ducks breed here every year.
Sultan Marshes, the combination of fresh and salt water ecosystems rarely encountered in the steppe ecosystem, rich biological diversity in the Central Anatolian steppe ecosystem, and the intersection of the two main bird migration routes between Africa and Europe It is one of the important wetlands.
Due to its location at the intersection of two main bird migration routes between Africa and Europe, and due to the favorable climatic vegetation, Sultan Marshes provides a very suitable environment for feeding, sheltering and breeding of many bird species. Sultan Marshes is the second most important bird paradise in Turkey after Manyas Lake bird paradise.
The Gediz Delta is one of the rare wetlands of international importance that offers a living environment for thousands of creatures thanks to its different habitats, despite its location next to a city with a population of more than 4 million.
An application was made for UNESCO to be included in the list because it meets the criteria of the World Natural Heritage.
It is an Important Nature Area and an Important Bird Area on a world scale.
Approximately ten percent of the world population of flamingos live in the Gediz Delta next to İzmir. It is one of the rare natural areas where the Dalmatian pelican, which is close to being endangered, and the endangered Mediterranean monk seal and the Caretta caretta sea turtle live together.
It is also one of the most important fish breeding and feeding areas in the entire Aegean Sea, and approximately one third of the salt production in Turkey takes place here. This interesting delta is one of the 255 important bird areas in the threat of extinction category of the earth, despite being protected by national and international laws.
Egirdir and Beysehir lakes located at the zone of 7 lakes of Turkey, to the Northwest of Taurus mountains are an important relaxing points for migratory birds.
Ereğli marshes located in the north of the Central Taurus Mountains are home to many bird species due to their fresh and sea water ecology.
The lakes of Karamuk, Eber and Aksehir are freshwater marshes of the west components of Central Anatolia. They are the favored regions of wintering geese. Tuz Gölü, a saltwater lake and the second biggest lake of Turkey, is an area of Greater Flamingoes, Cranes, Avocets, Geese, Gulls and various other waterbirds.
Rivers of Turkey
There are many large rivers in Turkey near world-renowned rivers such as Euphrates and Tigris. Kızılırmak and Göksu delta are extremely important bird habitats in these rivers.
Mountains of Turkey
Turkey has many mountains where the rising plains and forested low slopes are home to various bird species. The Kaçkar mountains in the northeast of the country are very interesting with many wild flower species unique to the ecosystem of the region and a few woodland and alpine bird species.
Most of the mountains are thoroughly forested, particularly those in the black sea region. One woodland of particular importance lies at Soğuksu National forest, near the resources Ankara. Another is the big Olympos national park near Antalya, an extensive yearn forest that prolongs from the hills to the sea.
Sea Shores of Turkey
Turkey has more than 8000 km of coast, covering sandy beaches, high cliffs, salt marshes and also more. These coastline are residence to lots of species of sea bird, including numerous varieties of gull, cormorants and waders of all kinds. Despite the rapid progress in the travel industry, you can see more bird species than tanned tourists in many regions in Turkey.
Spring Time and birdwatch of Turkey
Fortunately, spring, the most effective time to see Turkey's birds, is also beyond peak holiday season, and consequently less costly and also less problem. Springtime is the time to experience the most effective and beautiful weather, prior to the extremely hot summertime sunshine.
In Spring countless birds will make their route throughout the sea from Africa, and also for a couple of brief months, include their numbers to those birds currently in the country. Courtship, nesting and also hatching will be certainly loaded to the air with many different bird songs. Those people that reach slip a peak at this all-natural wonder, will be considered lucky ones indeed.